U.S. film director.
He was a circus performer and vaudeville comic before joining the Biograph
film studio in 1915. He wrote several screenplays, then directed melodramas
and adventure films (191725). He directed the macabre film The
Unholy Three (1925), starring Lon Chaney, followed by Dracula (1931)
and Freaks (1932), which established his reputation for films of horror
and the grotesque.
Courtesy of Britannica
Concise Encyclopedia. 2003.