Francis Bacon 1909-1992
He lived in Berlin and Paris before settling in London (1929) to begin
a career as an interior decorator. With no formal art training, he started
painting, drawing, and participating in gallery exhibitions, with little
success. In 1944 he achieved instant notoriety with a series of controversial
paintings, Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion. His
mature style emerged completely with the series of works known as The
Screaming Popes (1949mid-1950s), in which he converted Diego
Velázquez's famous Portrait of Pope Innocent X into a nightmarish
icon of hysterical terror. Most of Bacon's paintings depict isolated
figures, often framed by geometric constructions, and rendered in smeared,
violent colours. His imagery typically suggests anger, horror, and degradation.
Courtesy of Britannica Concise Encyclopedia.